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Professional software development requires a structured approach.

Typically comprising of six stages, the process is cyclical, with each stage building on the previous one to help create a more stable and robust product. Below we cover the six stages of software development:

Discovering requirements

The first stage of the software development process is Requirements. This is where an organisation identifies what needs to be built and creates a document outlining all of the system’s requirements. This document becomes the blueprint for the entire project.

Analysis & Design

Once the requirements have been identified, it’s time for analysis. Here, the team breaks down each requirement into smaller tasks that can be completed efficiently. They also design how the system will work and create prototypes to illustrate their ideas.


Implementation is when development begins in earnest. The team takes all of their designs and turns them into code, testing as they go along to ensure that everything is working correctly.


Testing is critical during software development. While some bugs may be found during the earlier stages, most are discovered in Testing. The goal is to find bugs before they make it into production – or worse, after deployment!


Deployment is when the product reaches its final stage of development and can be made available to customers/end users. This might mean making a new version of an app or website or simply deploying an updated version.


Once everything has been deployed successfully, it needs to be maintained to ensure everything is running smoothly and any bugs are fixed. Even with all their testing, sometimes problems will arise once customers start using the software frequently. It’s important to have processes in place so these issues don’t become too problematic down the line.

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